Home / Articles / DSD Syllabus 2017/2018 for Class-4 Assessment

DSD Syllabus 2017/2018 for Class-4 Assessment

DSD Syllabus 2017-2018 .Assessment Process base on these SLO. Mostly Teachers main Question is Syllabus of primary level change in 2017 but assessment Papers Syllabus is base on 2016 DSD Syllabus.

Answer : Slo,s never change.SLO are Same.Prepare yours classes according to these SLO Pattern to improve your monthly asssessment. Follow  2017- 2018 new books .but Slo month wise from these Syllabus.Note : Never Prepare those topic which are not part of 2017/2018 Syllabus.For further Guide Contact your DTE.

Month: APRIL GRADE-4
Sr.No. ENGLISH SOCIAL STUDIES
1 Write multi-syllable words with correct
spellings.
Understand that north is towards the north Pole and south is towards the South Pole.
2 Make sentences by replacing words and
phrases in given sentences.
Understand that up is away from the Earth and down is towards the Earth.
3 Write sentences of their own using
correct capitalization, punctuation and
spellings.
Identify the differences between the shape of things as seen from the ground with shapes seen from above.
4 Articulate hard and soft sounds of the
letters c and g in different words.
Define the terms globe and map.
5 Pronounce and spell long and short
vowels in reading lessons and in speech.
distinguish between a ”globe” and a ”map”.
6 Articulate words containing digraphs,
trigraphs and silent letters.
Locate and name the continents and oceanson the
”globe” and world’s ”maps”.
7 Recognize specific parts of words
including common inflectional endings,
and compound words.
Name the key elements of a map.
8 Understand that all map titles show areas mapped
and particular features.
9 identify the area mapped and feathers shown on
diferent maps.
10 Understand that real objects can be represented by pictures or symbols on a map.
11 Use the legend for interpreting pictorial and othe
symbols, dots, lines, colours used on maps.
12 Define the terms ”cardinal” and ”intermediate” directions.
13 Name familiar places locatedin the cardinal (North, East, West, South) and intermediate (North-West, North-East, South-West, South-East) direction of their school.
14 Identify the position of things on maps using the terms cardinal and intermediate directions.
15 Determine distance between two points on a map usng  the scale given on the map.
16 Compute distance between two points on maps of different scale.
17 Make simple large scale maps of familiar areas such as classroom, house, and neighbourhood using all map elements.
18 Gather information about an area (city/province) from two or more  maps; use the information to draw conclusions (e.g. rainfall and  agricultural production).
Month: MAY GRADE-4
Sr.No. ENGLISH SOCIAL STUDIES
1 Use some strategies to gather ideas for
writing, such as brainstorming.
Describe the major historical events of the province.
2 Recognize that
• a simple paragraph comprises a group of sentences that develop a single main idea.
• the main idea of a paragraph is given in the topic sentence.
• other sentences in the paragraph support the topic sentence.
Interpret timelines of major local and provincial historical events.
3 Classify into different categories, and use more naming, action and describing words, from pictures, signboards, labels etc. in their immediate and extended environment. Construct timelines of major local and provincial historical events.
4 Recognize, find out, create and use more rhyming words. Identify social problems and solutions from narratives of the past.
5 Locate, provide, connect and use words similar and opposite in meaning. identify short and long term effects of solutions ot problems in
the past.
6 Recognize each paragraph in a text as a separate meaningful unit of expression. Identify ways people of the province have progressed overtime
7 Apply critical thinking to interact with text using intensive reading strategies (while-reading) to
• locate specific information to answer short questions.
• use common graphical features such as pictures, tables, diagrams in texts to increase understanding.
• predict what follows in the text using context and prior knowledge.
• guess meaning of difficult words from context.
• use context to infer missing words.
• locate an opinion.
• distinguish fact from opinion.
• follow instructions in maps or short public notices or signs.
• generate questions to understand text.
Identify the effects of key historical events at that time and today.
8 Use appropriate expressions in conversation to
• express likes and dislikes .
• express needs and feelings.
• seek permission to do something.
• show ability/ inability to do something.
• respond to instruction and directions.
Use maps to explain the geographic setting of historical events.
9 Identify the viewpoints in historical narratives.
10 Compare life in any two provinces today.
11 Construct personal historical narratives (own self, family, school)
using photographs, letters, and interviews with family members
as sources of information.
12 identify examples of personal virtue in pastand present key
personalities of the province.
13 Identify contributions (social, political, religion) of key personalities
for the development of the province.
14 Define heroism.
15 identify the qualities of the personalities (social,political,religious)
that we admire.
16 Understand  the importance of heroism in our daily lives.
17 Explain how individual beliefs, culture, time and situations change
our choices of heroes/heroines.
18 Identify how common people,male and female in different
circumstances become heroes and ideas.
Month: AUGUST GRADE-4
Sr.No. ENGLISH SOCIAL STUDIES
1 Pronounce with reasonable accuracy, common three-consonant clusters in initial positions. Name the various physical features (plains, mountain etc.)  in the province.
2 Read aloud for accurate reproduction of
sounds of words and sentences.
Locate the physical features of the province on an outline map of the province.
3 Identify and recognize the function of pronouns and transitional devices. Represent in tabular form the phsical features of their province, in tabular form, their location and importance for the people of  the province.
4 Use pre-reading strategies to
• predict the content/ vocabulary of a text from picture and title etc. by using prior knowledge.
• guess the meaning of unfamiliar words through context.
Define the terms population, census, migration.
5 Explain the importance of a census.
6 Identify the causative factors of population growth in the province.
ISLAMIYAT URDU
1  دوسرا پارہ’  پہلا نصف’ خوش الحا نی سے پڑھ سکتے ہی غلط اور صحیح لہجے تلفظ اور اداءیگی سن کر صحیح لہجے، تلفظ اور ادءیگی کو ذہن میں لا کر مفہوم کا ادراک کر سکے۔
2 اسلام قبول کرنے والی پہلی شخصیا ت کی مختصر وضا حت کر سکتے ہیں۔ اردو میں سنی ہوءی باتوں کو یاد رکھ سکے۔
3 اہل خاندان کو دعوت اسلام کا انداز بتا سکتے ہیں۔
4 دعوت عام اور تبلیغ عام کی تفصیل بیان کر سکتے ہیں۔
MATHEMATICS SCIENCE
1 i) Determine common factors of two or more 2-digit numbers. • Differentiate between various types of
environment.
2 ii) Find HCF of two or more 2-digit numbers using
• Venn diagram, prime factorization.
• Explain the characteristics of animals and plants,
which enable them to survive in a particular
environment.
3 i) Determine common multiples of two or more 2-digit numbers. • Classify animals on the basis of food they eat.
4 ii) Find LCM by
• common multiples,
• prime factorization
• Differentiate between carnivores, herbivores, and
omnivores with the help of examples.
Month: SEPTEMBER GRADE-4
Sr.No. ENGLISH SOCIAL STUDIES
1 Classify items (e.g. vocabulary) required for a given task/ topic. Identify thickly and thinly populated area of their province.
2 Recognize the function of different question words and key words to write appropriate short answers. State the reasons why volume of population varies in different provinces.
3 Recognize meaning of common adjectives in relation to each other e.g. huge-big. List the major problems caused by over population.
4 Spell some words studied in class both orally and in writing Compare the land features and the  way people live on them.
5 Copy and take dictation of words studied in class. Explain how different proceses engaged in by the people change the natural  environment (e.g. deforestation,building dams etc.)
6 Apply spelling change in plural form of regular and irregular nouns and regular verb forms. Explain how natural phenomena change the land.
7 Use critical thinking to respond to the text (post-reading ):
• Apply world knowledge and own opinion to text read.
• Relate what is read to their own feelings and experiences.
• Express understanding of story through role play.
Identify how changes in the land affect people.
8 Compare two maps of the  same area, combine the data shown on them and draw conclusions base don the data (e.g. minerals  found, industries,City population density).
9 Conduct an inquiry about a geographic problem (water logging & salinity, deforestation, etc) of the province and share findings with classmates.
10 Define the term weather.
11 Explain the factors that effect weahter.
12 construct a table showing the instrument and units of measurement related to weather (temperature, pressure, wind speed and direction,humidity, precipitation).
13 Make weather instruments from low cost and no cost materials.
14 Compare temperature and rainfall of any two provinces in Summer and Winter.
15 State the importance of forecasting measuring and recording weather.
16 Identify how daily weather conditions affect the human body, (food we eat,the clothes we wear,and our recreational activities.)
17 Explain how common natural disasters occur (floods,earthquakes, cyclones, avalanches).
18 Identify safety measures that can be taken in case of natural disasters.
ISLAMIYAT URDU
1 دوسرا پارہ   نصف آ خر  روانی سے پڑھ سکتے ہیں۔ کسی بھی واقعہ یا کہانی کو اپنے لفظوں میں دہرا سکے۔
2 کفار کے مقابلے میں نبی کریم ﷺ کی استقا مت بیان کر سکتے ہیں۔ اپنا مافی الضمیر ربط اور ترتیب، لہجے اور ادءیگی کے لحاظ سے ادا کر سکے ۔ اپنی یادداشت میں موجود نظم و نثر میں سے کوءی بات بیان کر سکے۔
3 صحا بہ کرام کو پہچا ی جانے والی تکالیف اور ان کی ثابت قدمی بتا سکتے ہیں۔ کہانی اور نظم کے بنیادی خیال ، عناصر اور نتاءج اخذ کر سکے۔
4 ہجرت حبشہ کے اسباب ، واقعات اور نتاج بتا سکتے ہیں۔ سبق پڑھ کر افعال کے بارے میں جواب دے سکے۔
5 شعب ابی طالب میں محا صرہ کے اسباب اور سما جی مقا طعہ کی تفصیل بیان کر سکتے ہیں۔ شعر پڑھ کر سوالوں کا نثری جواب دے سکے۔
6 شعب ابی طالب میں تا یدّ غیبی کے بارے میں بتا سکتے ہیں۔ کسی بھی عنوان پر دس جملے لکھ سکے۔
7 سفر طا ّٗف کا سبب ، اہل طا ف کی بد سلوکی اور رسول اکرم ﷺ کا عفو درگزر بتا سکتے ہیں۔ اپنی جماعت کے سامنے اپنی یا اپنی ساتھیوں کی طرف سے ذاتی مشاہدات کو چند لمحو ں تک  بے جھجک بیان کر سکے۔
8 مترادف اور متضاد کے فرق کو سمجھ سکے۔
9 علامت فاعل ُُ نے،، اور علامت مفعول ُُ کو،، کا صحیح استعمال سیکھ سکے
10 روز مرہ اردو بول چال میں حصہ لے سکےاور ماحول اور معاشرتی واقعات کے بارے میں بات چیت میں  حصہ لے سکے
MATHEMATICS SCIENCE
1 i) Define a fraction. • Define producers, consumers and decomposers.
2 ii) Recognize like and unlike fractions. • Explain the importance of producers, consumers
and decomposers in a food chain.
3 iii) Compare two unlike fractions by converting them to equivalent fractions with the same denominator • Make a simple food chain to show the relationship
between producers, consumers and decomposers.
4 iv) Arrange fractions in ascending and descending order. • Define matter and give examples.
5 v) Simplify fractions to the lowest form. • Identify three states of matter with examples.
6 i) Identify unit, proper, improper and mixed fractions. • Compare solids, liquids and gases
on the basis of shape and volume.
7 ii) Convert improper fraction to mixed fraction and vice versa • Demonstrate and explain how matter changes its
state on heating.
8 i) Add fractions with unlike denominators. • Explain how one state of matter (solid, liquid,
gas) dissolves in other.
9 iv) Subtract fractions with unlike denominators • Predict and demonstrate how various materials
mix with water.
10 i) Multiply fractions with whole numbers.
11 i) Divide a fraction by a whole number.
12 ii) Divide a whole number by a fraction.
Month: OCTOBER GRADE-4
Sr.No. ENGLISH SOCIAL STUDIES
1 Complete a simple paragraph using the
given words, phrases and sentences.
Define the terms society, democracy, law, government, rule and
give examples.
2 Use appropriate vocabulary and tense to
write a simple paragraph by
• giving description of a person/ object/ place.
Identify the reasons for a provincial government.
3 Change the number of regular and
irregular nouns.
List the main branches of the  provincial government (Legislature,
Judiciary and executive).
4 Classify nouns as common and proper
nouns (Names of people, pets, places,
mountains, lakes, rivers, etc.).
Describe the formation of the provincial asembly.
5 Recognize that pronouns agree with their
nouns in gender and number.
Conduct an election to select the class monitor.
6 Recall the rules for the use of a and an.
Choose between a or an. Choose between a or an before words that start with mute consonant letters.
Describe the work of the executive branch of the government.
7 Recognize and use more action verbs from extended environment including other subjects in speech and writing. Identify the function of a  court.
8 Demonstrate conventions and dynamics
of group oral interaction to
• introduce self and others.
• take turns.
Explain the role of a judge in a court.
9 Demonstrate understanding of the working of a court through a
role play.
10 Collect information about the role of the branches of the provincial
government (through newspaper, books, and elders) and
present the information in a written report.
11 Describe how local and provincial governmet institutions serve to
provide citizens with their rights.
12 Deine the term citizens.
13 Identify the ways people become citizens.
14 State the importance of rights of citizens of a country.
15 List important rights and responsibilities of citizens.
16 Identify the ways in which individuals can behave as responsible
citizens at provincial level (demonstrate responsible
citizenship provincial.)
17 Identify the groups that citizens form to protect  and promote
their rights (professional associations,welfare institution (etc.)
18 Define the terms ‘economic choice’ and ‘opportunity cost’.
ISLAMIYAT URDU
1 سورہ الکافرون زبانی سنا سکتے ہیں۔ استحسان اور تنقیدی گفتگو سن کر سمجھ سکے
2  سورہ الما عون  زبا نی سنا سکتے ہیں۔ کسی بھی گفتگو یا تحریر کی اہم باتیں بیان کر سکے۔
3 معراج النبی کی تفصیل اور اس میں ہو نے والے ردعمل کو بیان کر سکتے ہیں۔ کہانی اور نظم کے بنیادی خیال ، عناصر اور نتاءج اخذ کر سکے۔
4 ہجرت مدینہ کے اسباب، واقعات اور اہل مدینہ کے استقبال کے بارے میں بتا سکتے ہیں۔ سبق پڑھ کر افعال کے بارے میں جواب دے سکے۔
5 مواخات مدینہ پر تفصیلی روشنی ڈال سکتے ہیں۔ شعر پڑھ کر سوالوں کا نثری جواب دے سکے۔
6 ایمانداری کا مفہوم اور اہمیت بیان کر سکتے ہیں۔ کسی بھی عنوان پر دس جملے لکھ سکے۔
7 ایمانداری کی مثال اسوہ حسنہ سے دے سکتے ہیں۔ سادہ جملے کی ساخت پر عبور حاصل کر سکے۔
8 متن سے مذکر اور مءونث الفاظ کی نشاندہی کر سکے۔
9 عربی کو طریقے پر بھی جمع کو سیکھ سکے۔
10 اشاریہ میں الفباءی ترتیب سے الفاظ تلاش کر سکے۔
MATHEMATICS SCIENCE
1 i) Know a decimal number as an alternate way of writing a fraction • Demonstrate separation of insoluble solids from water by decantation and filtration.
2 ii) Define decimal as a fraction whose denominator is 10 or a power of 10 • Define heat and temperature.
3 iii) Recognize the places occupied by the digits, after the decimal point, as decimal places. • Draw and label the device for measuring temperature.
4 iv) Identify the place value of a digit in decimals • Measure and record the body temperature using a thermometer.
5 i) Add and subtract decimals (up to two decimal places). • Suggest the safety measures required in using thermometers.
6 i) Convert
• kilometres to metres,
• metres to centimeters,
• centimetres to millimeters.
• Define force by giving examples.
7 ii) Add and subtract expressions involving similar units of length. • Investigate the ways in which motion of an object can be changed.
8 iv) Solve real life problems involving conversion, addition and subtraction of units of length. • Demonstrate how force can change the position and the shape of an object.
9 i) Convert kilograms to grams.
10 ii) Add and subtract expressions involving similar units of mass/ weight.
11 iv) Solve real life problems involving conversion, addition and subtraction of units of mass/ weight
12 i) Convert litres to millilitres
13 ii) Add and subtract expressions involving units of capacity/ volume
14 iv) Solve real life problems involving conversion, addition and subtraction of units of capacity/ volume.
Month: NOVEMBER GRADE-4
Sr.No. ENGLISH SOCIAL STUDIES
1 Revise written work for correct
• Spelling and punctuation.
• Pronoun –antecedent agreement.
• Subject -verb agreement.
Identify economic choice and opportunity cost from personal examples (such as having to choose between buying an ice cream and a packet of chips).
2 Revise written work for layout, legibility, vocabulary and grammar, spelling Explain cause and efect resulting from economic decisions. (spending money for buying a book to but an ice-cream).
3 Identify and make simple sentences with the verb be. Recognize that governments make economics choices because of limited resources.
4 Illustrate use of can / cannot, may / may not. Identify and use should / should not to express permission and prohibition. Identify the goods and services used in their daily life.
5 Use adjectives of quantity, quality, size, shape, colour, and origin. Compare price,quality and features  of similar goods and services used in their daily lives (chips, sweets, transport, and health services)
6 Demonstrate use of and, or and but. Explain the term culture with examples.
7 Recite poems with actions. Describe their family culture (language, food dress, how the festivals are celebrated etc.)
8 Retell a story in few simple sentences. Compare their own family culture with that of a family in another country.
9 Comparethe culture of different provinces of Pakistan.
10 Identify the ways in which the people of their province are similar and different with each other.
11 Recognize that culture is dynamic and keeps changing over time.
12 Define the terms conflict and peace.
13 Identify the possible consequences of peace and conflict.
14 Understand that their attitude  may result in peace or conflict.
15 Identify ways to create peace.
16 Recognize that conflicts are inevitable and  can be managed (dealt with positively).
17 Identify ways of resolving conflicts.
18 Explain that communication is a way for resolving conflict.
ISLAMIYAT URDU
1 تیسرے پارے کا نصف اول روانی سے پڑھ سکتے ہیں۔ کہانی اور نظم کے بنیادی خیال ، عناصر اور نتاءج اخذ کر سکے۔
2 تسبیح ، رکو ع و سجود تسمیع و تمہید بمعہ ترجمہ سنا سکتے ہیں۔ سبق پڑھ کر افعال کے بارے میں جواب دے سکے۔
3 خدمت خلق کا مفہوم اور مختلف صورتیں بتا سکتے ہیں۔ شعر پڑھ کر سوالوں کا نثری جواب دے سکے۔
4 خدمت خلق کی اسوہ حسنہ اور حیات صحابہ کی مثالیں دے سکتے ہیں۔ کسی بھی عنوان پر دس جملے لکھ سکے۔
5 سادگی کا مفہوم اور لباس ، حوراک ، رسم و رساگ میں بتا سکتے ہیں۔ اسم خاص اور اسم عام کی تعریف سمجھے تغیر خاس ناموں اورعام ناموں میں امتیاز کر سکے۔
6 سادگی کے فاّںدے بتا سکتے ہیں۔ رموز اوقاف کر درست استعمال کر سکے ۔استفہامیہ اور واوین کا استعمال کر سکے۔
7 وقت کی پابندی کی اہمیت واضح کر سکتے ہیں۔ تمناءی اور شکی موضوعات پر جملے بنانا سیکھ سکے۔
8 اسلامی عبادات اور وقت کی پابندی پر روشنی ڈال سکتے ہیں۔ کسی شے یا مقام کے متعلق وضاحت سے بتا سکے۔ عام اشتہارات وغیرہ پڑھ سکے ۔
9 آداب مجلس بتا سکتے ہیں۔ لاءبریری میں جانے اور اضافی مطالعے کی عادت اپنا سکے۔
MATHEMATICS SCIENCE
1 i) Read time in hours, minutes and seconds. • Explore that greater the force, greater the change in the distance covered by the object.
2 ii) Convert hours to minutes and minutes to seconds. • Design experiments to demonstrate that some objects can return to their original shape after the release of force.
3 iii) Convert years to months, months to days and weeks  to days. • Define speed and give its relation with distance.
4 v) Solve simple real life problems involving conversion, addition and subtraction of units of time. Investigate that sound is produced by vibrating objects.
5 i) Measure the length of a line in centimetres and millimetres using straightedge/ruler and dividers Differentiate between low and high sounds.
6 iii) Draw a curved line and measure its length using thread/dividers and straightedge/ruler. • Differentiate between noise and other sounds.
7 iv) Recognize horizontal and vertical lines. • Explore the effects of noise on human health.
8 vii) Identify parallel and non-parallel lines from a given set of lines Suggest ways to reduce noise pollution and plan an awareness campaign on any one.
9 ix) Draw a line which passes through a given point and is parallel to a given line (using set squares).
10 i) Recognize an angle through non-parallel lines.
11 ii) Draw an angle AOB with vertex (O) and arms (OA, OB) to recognize the notation ∠ AOB for an angle AOB.
12 iii) Recognize right angle through horizontal and vertical lines.
13 iv) Demonstrate acute and obtuse angles via the right angle
14 v) Recognize the standard unit for measuring angles as one degree (1o ) which is defined as 360 1 of a complete revolution.
Month: DECEMBER GRADE-4
Sr.No. ENGLISH SOCIAL STUDIES
1 Use capitalization according to rules learnt earlier. Use problem solving method to suggest soltion to a personal (home, school) problem.
2 Recognize and apply capitalization to the initial letter of proper nouns: names of holidays, special events and groups. Identify the forms of communication.
3 Recall the rules of punctuation learnt earlier. Trace the history of any one modern form of communication.
4 Make simple sentences by using SV (subject + verb) and SVO (subject + verb + object) pattern.  Identify the advantages and disadvantages of any one modern form of communication.
5 Explain the ways in which computers have made communication easier.
6 Design a postcard and write a message and post it to a friend
7 Use a telephone directory ot identify the telephone numbers of emergency services in their area (police, fire brigade, ambulance).
ISLAMIYAT URDU
1 تیسرا پارہ نصف ٓآ خر روانی سے پڑھ سکتے ہیں۔ کہانی اور نظم کے بنیادی خیال ، عناصر اور نتاءج اخذ کر سکے۔
2 رب زدنی علما اور جزاک اللہ خیرا بمعہ ترجمہ سنا سکتے ہیں۔ سبق پڑھ کر افعال کے بارے میں جواب دے سکے۔
3 سورہ اخلاص بمعہ ترجمہ سنا سکتے ہیں۔ شعر پڑھ کر سوالوں کا نثری جواب دے سکے۔
4 وطن اور اہل وطن سے محبت پر روشنی ڈال سکتے ہیں۔ کسی بھی عنوان پر دس جملے لکھ سکے۔
5 حضرت موسیّ  علیہ السلام کے حالات زندگی مختصرا بیان کر سکتے ہیں۔ ڈائری لکھ سکے ، ہم قافیہ الفاط کی فہرست بنا سکے اور الفاظ تختہ تحریر پر لکھ سکے۔
6 حضرت عمر فاروق رضی اللہ تعالی کے حالات زندگی مختصرا بیان کر سکتے ہیں۔ حرف جار ، عطف ،شرط و اجزا استعمال کر سکے۔
7 کہانیاں اور نظمیں وغیرہ پڑھ سن کر سمجھ سکےاور نتیجہ اخلاقی سبق بیان کر سکے۔
8 دوستوں کو مبارک باد وغیرہ کا خط لکھ سکے۔مختلف مواقع اور تہواروں پر کارڈ اور دعوت نامے بنا سکے ۔
9 بچوں کو تقریبات سالگرہ وغیرہ میں معاون میزبان /کمپیءر کے فراءض سر انجام دے سکے۔
MATHEMATICS SCIENCE
1 vi) Measure angles using protractor where
• upper scale of protractor reads the measure of angle from left to right.
• lower scale of protractor reads the measure of
angle from right to l
Distinguish between insulators and conductors.
2 vii) Draw a right angle using protractor. Identify examples of conductors and insulators in their environment.
3 i) Identify centre, radius, diameter and circumference of a circle. Investigate using a magnet that some materials are magnetic and some are non magnetic.
4 ii) Draw a circle of given radius using compasses and straightedge/ruler. Recognize that a magnet has poles.
5 Read and interpret simple bar graphs given in horizontal and vertical form. Demonstrate that like poles repel each other and unlike poles attract each other.
6 Read and interpret line graph. Describe the shape of Earth.
7 Relate the Earth’s spin with the occurrence of day and night.
8 Define the term revolution.

Special Thanks DSD Punjab

loading...

About admin

Check Also

University of the Punjab – Contact detail Mobile phone numbers all departments and Campus

Postal Address- University of the Punjab Lahore Quaid-e-Azam Campus Post Office Box No, 54590  Lahore …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *